A thorough, annual inspection of the hoisting machinery must be made by a competent person, or by a government or private agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Labor.
Inspections at each shift and monthly
The employer must designate a competent person to inspect all machinery and equipment prior to each shift the equipment will be used, and completed before or during the shift, to make sure it is in safe operating condition. Any deficiencies must be repaired, or defective parts replaced, before continued use. Monthly inspections must also be conducted with the same requirements.
Inspections following repairs/adjustments and modifications
A qualified person must inspect equipment that has had modifications, additions or repairs that affect the safe operation of the equipment before it is used for the first time following the changes.
ROUTINE CRANE INSPECTIONS ARE AN IMPORTANT PART OF INDUSTRY SAFETY.
Wire rope inspection
A competent person must inspect the wire ropes that are likely to be used during the shift, and the inspection must be completed before or during the shift. The inspection is to identify apparent deficiencies, such as significant distortion of the wire rope structure, corrosion, electric arc damage, heat damage, improperly applied end connections, and visible broken wires. Monthly and annual inspections are also required.
The employer must maintain a record of the dates and results of inspections for each hoisting machine and piece of equipment.
Comply with the crane manufacturer’s specifications
The employer must comply with the manufacturer’s specifications and limitations applicable to the operation of any and all cranes and derricks. Attachments used with cranes shall not exceed the capacity, rating, or scope recommended by the manufacturer.
Conspicuously post requirements on equipment
Rated load capacities and recommended operating speeds, special hazard warnings, or instructions must be posted on equipment in a location that is visible to the operator while he is at his control station.
- Use ANSI standard hand signals.
- Illustrations of signals must be posted at the job site.
- Additional requirements are specified to protect employees from injury while working on or near the cranes.